What do you need to understand when analyzing THREAT:
1. Main characteristics of the threat
a. Type/manifestation: violence, coercion, deprivation
c. Geographic area
d. Is the threat a formal or informal practice (harmful cultural tradition): how do communities see these traditions (they may not be protective)? What happens if we remove this threat if linked to tradition; will other threats appear?
e. Explore the perception of threat.
2. What are the main characteristics of the actors responsible for the threat?
a. Individual actor vs. group actor and behavior
b. What is their relationship to the affected individual/population?
c. What is their structure and where does decision-making power lie?
d. Where relevant, is their chain of command ambiguous or clear/loose or tight?
e. What are their incentives for action/inaction, the reasons for this, and understanding why they act or do not act
f. Is the actor a duty-bearer? Or not?
g. Are we (INGOs/LNGOs/UN/) a threat? Do we exacerbate the threat? Practices of staff?
Compliance with internal policies/procedures, or readiness to comply?
h. How are “we” viewed by actors?
3. What are the main factors driving their behavior?
a. Motivations to mistreat the individual/population: Economic, Political, Legal Social
b. Formal and informal policies and practices, or absence thereof
c. Relevance of governing norms—social, religious, legal (domestic, international)
d. Attitudes, ideas and beliefs driving behavior
e. Power dynamics. Who has power, what gives them power, what is the relationship between the actor responsible for threats and the affected or targeted individual/population
f. How much will, how strong is the will can this be dissuaded? What role does the action of the actor vis-à-vis vulnerable populations play in their overall purpose?
4. What is their will and capacity to comply with IHL, HRL, Refugee Law and other protective norms?
5. What are the main sources of resources, influence, pressure and leverage? (Economic, Political, Legal, Social)
6. What are the possible incentives to change their policy, practice, attitudes and beliefs?
7. What are the disincentives to comply with norms/make the desired behavior change?