A robust and comprehensive assessment and analysis is the first step to ensure the use of a results-based approach to protection programming.
In order to determine an approach that is rigorous enough to achieve demonstrable outcome in terms of measurably reduced risk, we need to disaggregate and address the individual factors contributing to increased risk (threats, vulnerabilities and capacities) and use them as proxy indicators to better measure change. The approach must help us make informed decisions about measures to mitigate threats, reduce vulnerabilities and enhance capacities in a timely manner while making course corrections along the way.
- Threat Analysis – to understand the main characteristics, actors responsible, and driving factors on the threat in order to better determine opportunities and incentives for mitigating it
- Vulnerability Analysis – to determine what and why specific individuals or groups are vulnerable vis a vis the identified threats, and what impact this has on their lives, recognizing that vulnerabilities change and shift over time and require consistent review
- Capacity and Coping Analysis – to assess what resources, capacities and strengths exist within households, communities and institutions to cope with a threat and how this is interconnected with the overall response that includes national and international actors (i.e. INGOs, Peacekeepers, local civil society, government and non-state armed groups)
- Historical, Cultural and Contextual Analysis – to understand the history, culture, traditions and perceptions prior to the crisis and how our response may impact or utilize this system
- Conflict Analysis – to determine what factors and issues drive the continuation of violence, the motivations and grievances of parties to the conflict, and the specific trigger points for increased violence
While these analyses are relevant to designing interventions by a single humanitarian actor, the full process of analysis and the design of interventions benefits from strong inter-agency coordination and collaboration to inform a comprehensive strategy which maximizes complementarity.
To participate in discussion and shared learning on results-based protection, please contact us or participate in one of the on-line discussion forums and/or webinars.